MAST has been participating as an American Astronomical Society exhibitor
for several years now. You will find us again at the MAST table in the
STScI booth at the upcoming AAS 2017 Winter meeting, in Grapevine, TX from January 3-7. Our main focus for attendance is to educate the astronomical community on the
MAST archive, its data holdings, and search interfaces. We accomplish this
mostly by giving live demonstrations on how to use our interfaces to
search, analyze, and download data. In recent years we have been
showcasing our MAST Discovery Portal. We will be
demonstrating several new features of the Portal. Our offerings are not
solely interface focused. We also have updated materials on new data
products and the archive, in general.
In the past, there have been a variety of people visiting our table. We
meet undergraduate students just starting out in astronomy who are
interested in all of the ways we search data. We also get all levels of
educational professionals coming to the booth, where we provide them with
resources and teaching ideas for the classroom. And of course we meet with
seasoned astronomers who have specific questions about their particular
research projects. Interacting with AAS attendees at the booth has been a
great opportunity to meet our community, and we hope you will visit us if
you are attending the AAS this winter or at future meetings!
The first data release from the Pan-STARRS (Panoramic Survey Telescope and Rapid Response System) survey was released to the astronomical community on December 19th, 2016 and is available from the MAST archives. Pan-STARRS1 (PS1) is the first part of Pan-STARRS to be completed and is the basis for Data Release 1 (DR1).
Links to access the PS1 DR1 data as well as the PS1 documentation can be found at:
The PS1 archive includes images and catalogs from several defined surveys, including observations of three quarters of the sky ("3PI Survey," which is available in DR1) carried out several times per filter and over a four-year time span. In addition, there were nightly observations of ten smaller fields distributed across the sky (the "Medium Deep Survey," not part of DR1).
The following image and catalog products are available in DR1:
Deep, co-added stack images made from the multiple exposures taken over the survey. Stacks provide the best signal-to-noise images.
The source catalogs created from the stacks are recommended as a starting point for data analysis. Point-source and extended-object photometry measured from the stack images is included in the DR1 catalog database. See the PS1 source extraction and catalogs page for details.
Mean values of the point-source and extended-object photometry from the single-epoch "warp" images are also available in DR1.
The DR2 data release (planned for Summer 2017) will also include the warp images along with multi-epoch photometry for point sources and extended objects. The DR2 source database will allow users to extract information on time variations in source photometry and astrometry.
The DR1 catalog astrometry and photometry are well calibrated. Median astrometric errors for brighter sources (18–19 mag) compared with Gaia are only 5 milliarcsec. (The astrometric calibration is based on the Gaia reference frame.) Systematic photometric errors are about 7 millimag.
The GALEX-SDSS-WISE Legacy Catalog (GSWLC; Salim et al. 2016) is a catalog of physical properties for approximately 700,000 galaxies with SDSS redshifts z < 0.3, using data from GALEX, SDSS, and WISE. The galaxy properties (stellar mass, dust attenuation, star formation rates) are obtained via UV/optical SED fitting using a Bayesian framework (Salim et al. 2007). SED models include emission line contribution and a flexible dust attenuation law. The catalog contains galaxies within GALEX footprints regardless of a UV detection. In addition to star formation rates derived from the UV/optical SED fits, mid-IR star formation rates are derived from WISE 22 micron photometry when detected. The adjacent figure shows the spatial distribution of galaxies included in GSWLC. Each panel shows SDSS target galaxies as shaded areas, covering ~9000 sq. deg (Salim et al. 2016)
The GSWLC catalog data are available for direct download from the GSWLC homepage (in either ASCII or FITS format). In addition, the catalogs are available using STScI’s instance of CasJobs, allowing users to query on objects of interest, perform sub-selections of galaxies, or cross-match with other STScI catalogs.
This newsletter is a MAST publication produced by Jonathan Hargis and Randy Thompson, on behalf of the entire MAST staff, who welcome your comments and suggestions.
The Mikulski Archive for Space Telescopes (MAST) is a NASA funded project to support and provide to the astronomical community a variety of astronomical data archives, with the primary focus on scientifically related data sets in the optical, ultraviolet, and near-infrared parts of the spectrum. MAST is located at the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI).