Mission Overview

 

mission wavelength

 

 

The ASTRO Observatory had three primary instruments: the Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (UIT), the Hopkins Ultraviolet Telescope (HUT) and the Wisconsin Ultraviolet Photo-Polarimeter Experiment (WUPPE). The Astro Observatory was designed to use many of the spacelab components and flew on two different shuttle flights. The first was aboard the shuttle Columbia which also held the X-ray experiment Broad Band X-Ray Telescope (BBXRT). The second flight was aboard the shuttle Endeavour.

Active From

ASTRO-1: December 2 - 11, 1990

ASTRO-2: March 2 - 18, 1995

Capabilities

  • Imaging
  • Spectroscopy
  • Polarimetry

On this Page

Instruments

HUT

Hopkins Ultraviolet Telescope

UIT

Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope

WUPPE

Wisconsin Ultraviolet Photo-Polarimeter Experiment

HPOL

Half-wave Spectropolarimeter

ASTRO-1

Flight Crew

ASTRO-1 Astronaut team

 

Shuttle Commander: Vance D. Brand

Shuttle Pilot: Guy S. Gardner

Mission Specialist 1: Jeffrey A. Hoffman

Mission Specialist 2: John M. Lounge

Mission Specialist 3: Robert A. Parker

Payload Specialist 1: Samuel T. Durrance

Payload Specialist 2: Ronald A. Parise

Alternate Payload Specialist: Ken Nordsieck

Astro-1 Crew Patch

The Astro-1 Crew Patch was designed by the crew. It shows a stylized space shuttle taking off from earth, with the constellation Orion rising in the background. This constellation was high in the night sky for the December 1990 launch, and represented the astronomical nature of the mission.(Astro-1)

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ASTRO-2

Flight Crew

ASTRO-1 Astronaut team

 

Shuttle Commander: Stephen S. Oswald

Shuttle Pilot: Lt. Col. William G. Gregory(USAF)

Flight Engineer: Lt. Cmdr. Wendy B. Lawrence(USN)

Payload Commander: Dr. Tamara Jernigan

Mission Specialist: Dr. John M. Grunsfeld

Mission Specialist: Dr. Samuel T. Durrance

Mission Specialist: Dr. Ronald A. Parise

Alternate Payload Specialist: Scott D. Vangen

 

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Astro-2 Crew Patch

This patch depicts the Astro-2 telescopes in Endeavour's payload bay. The three sets of rays, diverging from the telescope on the patch atop the Instrument Pointing System correspond to the three Astro-2 telescopes, HUT, UIT, and WUPPE. The telescopes are aligned to simultaneously view the same astronomical object, as shown by the convergence of the rays on the NASA symbol. Astro-2's celestial targets include the observation of planets, stars, and galaxies as shown in the design. The two small atoms represent the search in the ultraviolet spectrum for the signature of primordial helium in intergalactic space left over from the Big Bang. This patch was designed by the crew of STS-67. (Astro-2)